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“velveting” by Guts

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  • “velveting” by Guts

    VELVETING IN OIL, AND VELVETING IN WATER


    As the name “velveting” implies, the coating is white and fluffy and the
    meat is soft as velvet. While the oil method gives the meat a firmer
    texture, the water method produces a softer coating. In either one, the
    chicken is on the verge of being fully cooked, which is ideal for the
    process of stir-frying.


    1 pound, boneless and skinless chicken breasts
    1/2 teaspoon, salt
    1 tablespoon, dry sherry
    1 large, egg white
    1 tablespoon, cornstarch
    1tablespoon, oil

    Cut the chicken into the desired shape and put into a bowl. Add the salt and
    sherry and stir. Beat the egg white only until the gel is completely
    broken – it should not be frothy, lest the coating puff and disintegrate
    during cooking. Add this to the chicken, sprinkle in the cornstarch, and mix
    well. Add the tablespoon of oil and stir until smooth. Let the chicken sit
    in the refrigerator for at least 30 minutes so that the coating has time to
    adhere to the meat.

    To Velvet in Oil: Heat a wok or skillet over high heat until very hot; then
    turn heat to medium. Add 2 cups oil, and heat for about 40 seconds until it
    is warm, about 275 degrees, or until it browns a cube of bread very slowly.
    Give the chicken a big stir and scatter the pieces; quickly but gently stir
    them to separate them. The oil should cover every piece. Lower the heat
    immediately if the chicken begins to sizzle; hot oil will make velveted
    chicken hard and yellow.

    When the flesh of the chicken turns white, which takes only about 30-45
    seconds, immediately pour both oil and chicken into a strainer, reserving
    the oil. The chicken is now velveted, ready to be stir-fried. When the oil
    is cool, you can strain and re-bottle it for re-use.

    NOTE: Velveting can be done well before the stir-frying. If you are going to
    use the chicken in an hour or so, do it in oil as above, but do not
    refrigerate the chicken, or it will become hard and tough. If you want to
    velvet chicken in advance and refrigerate or freeze the velveted chicken for
    finishing in a recipe later, you must use the water method.

    To Velvet in Water: Bring 1 quart water to a boil, add 1-tablespoon oil to
    “grease the liquid” and then lower the heat to maintain a very gentle
    simmer. Scatter in the chicken, stir to separate and keep stirring gently
    until the coating turns white. Then immediately pour into a strainer to
    drain.


    Keys to velveting: The oil in the coating makes it lustrous and prevents
    lumping; it also eliminates the raw taste of the cornstarch. When velveting
    is done in oil, the wok or skillet must be very hot before the oil goes in,
    so that the coated chicken does not stick to the pan. The oil however,
    should never be hot, or it will toughen the chicken.



    MASTER RECIPE FOR VELVETING SHRIMP


    1 pound, medium-sized shrimp, shelled
    1/2 teaspoon, salt
    2 teaspoons, sherry
    1 large, egg white
    1 1/2 tablespoons, cornstarch
    1 1/2 tablespoons, oil

    The procedure for velveting shrimp is the same as that for velveting
    chicken, except that there’s a bit more cornstarch – shrimp need extra
    protection because of their fragile texture.

    Place the shrimp in a deep bowl; sprinkle in the salt and sherry and mix
    well, gently. Beat the egg white just until the gel is completely broken and
    add to the shrimp. Sprinkle in the cornstarch and mix until smooth. Add the
    oil and stir well. Place the shrimp in the refrigerator for 30 minutes so
    that the cornstarch will set and the coatings adhere to the shrimp.

    Follow the same directions for velveting in either oil or water as for the
    chicken.

    NOTE: Do not freeze velveted shrimp; even if velveted in water, they will
    become tough if frozen.



    Glenn sent this “amazing” recipe that uses a more delicate mixture (less
    cornstarch) for velveting the shrimp. He took the recipe from Fragrant
    Harbor Taste (Simon and Schuster, 1989). Might be a good – and simple - way
    to deliciously test the basic technique! Looks like the recipe will serve
    about 6.



    VELVET SHRIMP WITH MANGO


    2 tablespoons, salt
    1 1/2 pounds, medium-size shrimp – peeled and deveined

    for the coating:
    2 egg whites
    2 teaspoons, cornstarch
    ½ teaspoon, salt
    1 teaspoon, sesame oil
    ground pepper to taste

    for the velveting and stir-fry:
    1 cup, peanut or corn oil
    1 tablespoon, finely chopped ginger
    2 teaspoons, finely chopped garlic
    1 tablespoon, rice wine (or substitute dry sherry)
    1 teaspoon, salt
    2 mangoes – peeled and cut into 1-inch cubes
    1 tablespoon, finely chopped cilantro

    Dissolve the 2 tablespoons of salt in a medium-size bowl filled with water.
    Rinse the shrimp and soak in this solution for 5 minutes. Drain.

    Blend together the coating ingredients and the drained shrimp. [Note: no
    directions are given for this blending procedure, but I’d refer to the
    method described in Carol’s recipe, above - being careful not to over-whip
    the egg white.] Refrigerate the shrimp in the coating mixture for 20
    minutes.

    Heat the cup of oil in a hot wok. When the oil is just warmed, quickly add
    the shrimp, stir to separate the individual pieces, then turn off the heat.
    Allow the shrimp to stand in the warm oil for 2 minutes, then drain in a
    colander or strainer set over a heat-proof bowl to catch the oil.

    Return 1 1/2 tablespoons of the oil to the wok and reheat. Add the ginger
    and garlic, and stir-fry for 30 seconds. Add the wine, salt and mangoes.
    Gently stir-fry until warm – about 2 minutes. Add the drained shrimp, gently
    stir to blend ingredients well, and serve.
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